Algorithm of Microcycles
In pedagogical practice at the second period of music education the considerable majority of pupils inevitably spend a lot of time and efforts to master by professional skills of playing music instrument and to perfect different methods of practical activity with music information. In the process of integrating the adopted music information from sheet a pupil is confronted with great difficulties in perception of study material , its synthesis and realization on an instrument. A heavy study load is the cause of emerging negative emotions, lowers child’s interest to the music subject, and as a result of that , the quality of knowledge worsens, the speed and efficiency of music teaching are restricted. It is necessary to find more effective ways and methods on teaching of children, to pay special attention not only to a certain kind of activity, but also to the nature of formation of each skill separately.
The pedagogic task at given period of teaching consists in that to give the intensive development to the natural gift of a child, rationally to realize his potential music possibilities in special psychosomatic action as a result. Speaking about the main task in this direction it is necessary to emphasize application of sequential alteration of kind of mental activity of pupil.In this connection,and with the aim to distribute the appearing sum study load in child’s mental sphere on separate its components in according to their dynamic and kinetic characteristic features, the new technology of music teaching ” Algorithm of Microcycles ” has been developed. The way of perception of music information through the brief episodic cycles is put in the base of this technology. Given methods allows a child to enter into practical lesson actively, to limit fatigue in time , to master professional skills dynamically and , as a result , to eliminate the negative attitude to study process.
The insistent necessity of alteration of pupil’s attention is dictated by peculiarities of physiology of the higher nervous activity, namely that, if with appearing of more-less long-term existing in the central nervous system of the nidus of stagnant excitation (on extra monotonous mental activity ) , naturally, sings of fatigue of the nerve cells-neurons are increased in the range of this nidus and work capacity of these neurons is decreased in the view of lengthening period of remembering and reproducing of any information. If at the first symptoms of fatigue and reducing of the pupils’ attention, sequentially to alter their attention to other kind of work, the stagnant excitation gradually subsides, as other nervous centre of brain is excited already. The methods ” Algorithm of Microcycles ” consists of five short episodic elements. The kind of activity in each algorithm is solitary and distinctive from the next one in its nature of activity,thus applying step ( cyclic ) alteration of pupil’s attention , the capability of the nervous centers to improve their physiological lability is increased and, as a result, motion of the following excitable …