Algorythm of Microcycles – Technology for Beginners

Algorithm   of   Microcycles

      In pedagogical practice at the second period  of music education the considerable majority of pupils inevitably spend a lot of time and efforts to master by professional skills of playing music instrument and to perfect different methods of practical activity with music information. In  the process of  integrating the adopted  music information  from sheet a pupil  is confronted with great difficulties in perception  of study material , its synthesis and realization on an  instrument. A heavy study load  is the cause of emerging negative  emotions, lowers  child’s  interest to the music subject, and as a result of  that , the quality of knowledge worsens, the speed and efficiency of music teaching are restricted. It is necessary to find more effective ways and methods on teaching of children, to pay special attention not only to a certain kind of activity, but also to the nature of  formation of each skill separately.

       The pedagogic task at given period of teaching consists in that to give the intensive development to the natural gift of a child, rationally to realize his potential music possibilities  in special  psychosomatic action as a result. Speaking about the main task  in this direction  it is necessary to emphasize application of sequential alteration of  kind of mental activity of pupil.In this connection,and with the aim to distribute the appearing sum study load in child’s mental sphere on separate its components in according to their dynamic and kinetic characteristic features, the new technology of  music teaching  ” Algorithm  of Microcycles ” has been developed. The way of  perception of  music information through the brief episodic cycles is put in the base of this technology. Given methods allows a child to enter into practical lesson actively, to limit  fatigue in time , to master professional skills dynamically  and , as a result , to eliminate the negative attitude to study process.

                       Physiological  Basis

     The insistent necessity of alteration of pupil’s attention is dictated by peculiarities of physiology of the higher nervous  activity, namely  that, if  with appearing of more-less long-term existing  in the central nervous system of  the nidus of stagnant excitation (on extra monotonous mental activity ) , naturally, sings of  fatigue of the nerve cells-neurons are increased in the range of this nidus and work capacity of these neurons is decreased in the view of  lengthening period of remembering and reproducing of any information. If at the first symptoms of  fatigue and reducing of the pupils’ attention, sequentially to alter their attention to other kind of work, the stagnant excitation gradually  subsides, as other nervous centre of  brain  is excited already. The methods ” Algorithm of  Microcycles ”  consists of  five short episodic elements. The kind of   activity in each algorithm is solitary and distinctive from the next one in its nature of activity,thus applying step ( cyclic ) alteration of pupil’s attention , the capability of  the nervous centers to improve their physiological lability is increased and, as a result, motion of the following excitable …

Benefits of Music Education

Three Powerful Reasons why children benefit from music education as part of their Curriculum, especially at a young age. There has been plenty of research done about the benefits of music education for young children.

1. Playing music improves concentration, memory and self-expression

One two-year study in Switzerland run with 1200 children in more than 50 classes scientifically showed how playing music improved children’s reading and verbal skills through improving concentration, memory and self-expression.(1) Younger children who had three more music classes per week and three fewer main curriculums made rapid developments in speech and learned to read with greater ease.

Other effects revealed by the study showed that children learned to like each other more, enjoyed school more (as did their teachers) and were less stressed during the various tests, indicating they were better able to handle performance pressure.

2. Playing music improves the ability to think

Ongoing research at the University of California-Irvine and the University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh (2) demonstrate that learning and playing music builds or modifies Neural pathways related to spatial reasoning tasks, which are crucial for higher brain functions like complex maths, chess and science.

The first studies showed that listening to a Mozart sonata temporarily improved a child’s spatial abilities. Further studies compared children who had computer lessons, children who had singing lessons, children who learned music using a Keyboard and children who did nothing additional. The children who had had the Music classes scored significantly higher – up to 35% higher – than the children did Who had computer classes or did nothing additional.(3)

3. Learning music helps under-performing students to improve

Researchers at Brown University in the US (4) discovered that children aged 5-7 years who had been lagging behind in their school performance had caught up with their peers in reading and were ahead of them in math’s after seven months of music lessons. The children’s classroom attitudes and behavior ratings had also Significantly improved, and after a year of music classes were rated as better than the children who had had no additional classes.

1. E W Weber, M Spychiger and J-L Patry, Musik macht Schule. Biografie und Ergebnisse eines Schulversuchs mit erweitertemMusikuntericcht. Padagogik in der Blauen Eule, Bd17. 1993.

2. Various studies by Dr. Gordon Shaw (University of California-Irvine) and Dr. Fran Rauscher (University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh), with others.Including those published in Nature 365:611 and Neuroscience Letters 185:44-47

3. E L Wright, W R Dennis & R L Newcomb. Neurological Res.19:2-8. 1997

4. M F Gardiner, A Fox, F Knowles & D Jeffrey. Learning improved by arts training. Nature 381:284. 1996.…

Many Ways to Get Your Masters in Education

To get your Masters in education, you need to be prepared to go to school for a long time. First of all one must finish high school and go to college. After one has a Bachelors degree then one can apply to graduate school to pursue your Masters. Many people also choose to double major, and pair an education degree with another academic degree. This too takes time. Even when one is in graduate school one may choose to get two Masters degrees as well. There are many different ways to get your Masters in education.

For one to get a Masters in education, one must first earn a bachelors degree. To do this one must first graduate from high school and then go to college. There are many different forms of higher education. Some people choose to go to an Ivy League School for their undergraduate degree. This however is not necessary. Many people go to state or community colleges and get the same degree. Some people even go online to get a degree. All that matters is that you have a Bachelors degree. It can be in anything. One does not even need to major in education to go onto pursue a Masters in education.

Another way people go about getting their Masters in education is to double major. Double majoring can take more time than just majoring with one degree. If one wants to be a teacher of a specific subject, then it is almost guaranteed that he or she will be in school longer than a person just majoring with one degree. For example, a student who wants to be a science teacher may get a degree in earth sciences as well as an education degree. For a person who wants to be a language teacher, this can take even more time. Languages take lots of time properly learn and master. A student properly learning a foreign language will even take at least a semester abroad in order to immerse him or herself in the chosen language. All of this is hard to get done in four years along with getting ready to pursue a Masters in education.

When one finally goes about taking their graduate classes for their Masters in education, they may choose to pursue a second Masters as well. This is especially true for those that want to go on to teach in college. If one is going onto a Doctorate, then they will want to be as knowledgeable in their chosen field as possible. If one wants to be a science professor, then they will want a specific degree in the type of science that they are pursuing. It takes a lot of time to just get a Masters degree in any science let alone paring that with education classes. Both require a lot of lab work.…

Should I Become a Clinical Psychologist?

What is Clinical Psychology?

Clinical Psychology combines theory, science and practice. As a clinical psychologist, you would deal with the cause, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of those with psychological problems. These problems can very greatly in severity and seriousness, from disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and substance abuse to problems related to stress, career planning and family.

If you don’t like school – it may be time to consider another career. Job opportunities are limited for those with a bachelor’s clinical psychology degree. If you want to work in your own private practice, then you will need to become licensed. This is done to ensure “quality” that is equivalent across clinical practitioners.

A doctorate degree is usually required for independent practice as a clinical psychologist as well as many other career options such as academic and research. A master’s degree will allow you sufficient choice in careers, but it will also limit you in career advancement. A master’s clinical psychology degree program requires 2 years of full time study and it may be best if you think about it as allows you to start off your career and ease into a doctoral degree program.

Where do Clinical Psychologist Work?

With a clinical psychology degree you could work in a:

  • private practice
  • school or college
  • hospital
  • physical rehabilitation centers
  • mental health facilitates

Careers with a Clinical Psychology Degree

With a clinical psychology degree you could choose among a vast number of careers. You could focus:

Research – focus on assessment and testing of therapies, drug treatments or patient interventions.

Counseling – advise individuals in group or family settings or conduct one to one meetings with patients. This type of career is perfect if you like giving advice and helping people.

Faculty – you could decide to share your knowledge with other aspiring clinical psychologist and become a member of the faculty team. In this role you would train students in providing mental health services to a wide range of clients.

According to the US Department of Labor, jobs for psychologists are expected to grow 15% from 2006-2016. This is faster than average for all other occupations. Given the raise in health care costs, prevention and treatment have become more critical. According to the same source, median annual earnings for clinical psychologist were $59,440 (data from May 2006).…

Many Choices for the Nursing Master of Science Degree

There are many choices when one decides to earn a Nursing Master of Science degree.  There are different areas of specialization that one can go into, for starters, and options such as post MSN certificates to further one’s education and increase career opportunities.  There are also different types of schools including state colleges, private institutions and universities with religious affiliations.  Many people choose to attend schools with religious affiliations where they are also required to learn about theology & ministry, even if they are not particularly religious themselves, simply because of the well-roundedness and high quality of the education.

The Nursing Master of Science is an advanced degree that comes after one has already earned a bachelor’s degree and completed a credentialing program to become a registered nurse.  For those who have the R.N. without a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, it is also necessary to take three courses in the writing/research inquiry process and RN to MSN transition process.  The curriculum combines instruction, research, and public service opportunities for nursing professionals.  All Nursing Master of Science students in a religious institution will typically take courses such as Theoretical Foundations and Nursing Research, Teaching Faithfully: Communicating with Adult Learners in a Diverse Society, Healthcare Issues, and Ethics and Politics from a Christian Perspective in addition to their core classes and thesis. 

In order to complete post MSN certificates, it is also necessary to complete courses including Advanced Assessment and Health Promotion Across the Lifespan, Advanced Pathophysiology, Advanced Pharmacology, Development of Educational Programs in Nursing, Nursing Education Role Practicum, Advanced Educational Psychology, Mental Health Nursing, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Gerontological Nursing and/or Family Health Nursing.  Schools that require courses in theology & ministry may tend to instill more of an ethical and religion-based viewpoint in their coursework, but they must always adhere to strict standards to remain accredited just like any other university and will always use the latest scientific information and technology.

There are also post MSN certificates for nurse educators, which may also include courses in faith and philosophy in the course of training.  All nurses must also do a required amount of clinical work and research in addition to a thesis in order to earn any of these advanced graduate degrees.  There are many choices and many directions a nurse can go down; as long as he or she does so faithfully it is a boon for society.…