Challenges of Online Education

By Jesse Whitehead

Enrollment in online education is at an all time high, according to a recent study by the Sloan Consortium. Based on responses from more than 2,200 colleges and universities across the U.S., the study reveals that 3.2 million students took at least one online course in the fall of 2005, an increase of 850,000 more than the year before. The report is available at www.sloan-c.org/publications/survey/index.asp.

With the rise in popularity of e-learning comes some unique challenges not extant with more traditional classrooms. Students need to be aware of the differences between online and traditional classes and be prepared to make the necessary adjustments. Significant challenges faced by online students include the following:

  • Technical problems. Computer hardware and peripheral devices such as printers, modems and routers are not indestructible; as with any other man-made device, they can break down or malfunction at the most inopportune time. In addition to equipment failure, an older computer may be incompatible with some software required for the course. Viruses, trojans, spyware and other malware could infect a computer, causing it to run poorly or not at all. A slow internet connection might cause problems logging into class, retrieving and submitting assignments, and posting to threaded discussions. Any of these problems could cause a great deal of frustration for the student trying to complete course assignments. Therefore, it is important for the student to have access to a backup computer to use in case of equipment malfunction.
  • Staying motivated. Going to school always requires a certain level of motivation from a student regardless of whether it’s a “bricks-and-mortar” institution or online class. In a traditional classroom setting, a student has live, face-to-face interaction with the instructor and fellow students — a camaraderie that may help boost enthusiasm and motivation for the course. In an internet-based class however, there is no live contact with instructor and classmates — the student works alone in a virtual environment. This lack of live contact may lead to a feeling of isolation, and make it difficult for a student without a high internal commitment or personal drive to stay motivated during the course.
  • Self-discipline. As with motivation, a student needs good self-discipline to succeed online. The freedom and flexibility of e-learning is what’s so attractive to many people. There’s no obligation to login to class at any particular time or place — you can go to class and do your assignments whenever it’s convenient for you. However, this same freedom can lead to procrastination, and cause the unwary or undisciplined student to fall behind in his assignments. Once behind, it can be difficult to catch up.
  • It’s difficult to improve oral communication skills. There are many classes such as speech, drama, debate, teacher education and so forth that require the student to make oral presentations in front of a group of people. With online courses this is not practical, as the classroom is virtual, and the students are not all gathered together at one time in one room.

Algorythm of Microcycles – Technology for Beginners

Algorithm   of   Microcycles

      In pedagogical practice at the second period  of music education the considerable majority of pupils inevitably spend a lot of time and efforts to master by professional skills of playing music instrument and to perfect different methods of practical activity with music information. In  the process of  integrating the adopted  music information  from sheet a pupil  is confronted with great difficulties in perception  of study material , its synthesis and realization on an  instrument. A heavy study load  is the cause of emerging negative  emotions, lowers  child’s  interest to the music subject, and as a result of  that , the quality of knowledge worsens, the speed and efficiency of music teaching are restricted. It is necessary to find more effective ways and methods on teaching of children, to pay special attention not only to a certain kind of activity, but also to the nature of  formation of each skill separately.

       The pedagogic task at given period of teaching consists in that to give the intensive development to the natural gift of a child, rationally to realize his potential music possibilities  in special  psychosomatic action as a result. Speaking about the main task  in this direction  it is necessary to emphasize application of sequential alteration of  kind of mental activity of pupil.In this connection,and with the aim to distribute the appearing sum study load in child’s mental sphere on separate its components in according to their dynamic and kinetic characteristic features, the new technology of  music teaching  ” Algorithm  of Microcycles ” has been developed. The way of  perception of  music information through the brief episodic cycles is put in the base of this technology. Given methods allows a child to enter into practical lesson actively, to limit  fatigue in time , to master professional skills dynamically  and , as a result , to eliminate the negative attitude to study process.

                       Physiological  Basis

     The insistent necessity of alteration of pupil’s attention is dictated by peculiarities of physiology of the higher nervous  activity, namely  that, if  with appearing of more-less long-term existing  in the central nervous system of  the nidus of stagnant excitation (on extra monotonous mental activity ) , naturally, sings of  fatigue of the nerve cells-neurons are increased in the range of this nidus and work capacity of these neurons is decreased in the view of  lengthening period of remembering and reproducing of any information. If at the first symptoms of  fatigue and reducing of the pupils’ attention, sequentially to alter their attention to other kind of work, the stagnant excitation gradually  subsides, as other nervous centre of  brain  is excited already. The methods ” Algorithm of  Microcycles ”  consists of  five short episodic elements. The kind of   activity in each algorithm is solitary and distinctive from the next one in its nature of activity,thus applying step ( cyclic ) alteration of pupil’s attention , the capability of  the nervous centers to improve their physiological lability is increased and, as a result, motion of the following excitable …

Kristen Stewart (Twilight New Moon: Bella Swan) Biography

Born April 9, 1990 – is an American actress. She is best known for playing Bella Swan in Twilight, New Moon, and will reprise her role in Twilight Eclipse. She has also starred in films such as Panic Room, Zathura, In the Land of Women, Adventureland, and The Messengers.

Early life:

Stewart was born and raised in Los Angeles, California. Her father, John Stewart, is a stage manager and television producer who has worked for Fox.Her mother, Jules Mann-Stewart, is a script supervisor originally from Maroochydore, Queensland, Australia. She has an older brother, Cameron Stewart. Stewart attended school until the seventh grade, and then continued her education by correspondence. She has since completed high school.

Personal life:

Stewart currently lives in Woodland Hills in Los Angeles, California. In a 2008 interview with Vanity Fair, Stewart stated that she was dating actor Michael Angarano, her co-star from the movie Speak. Stewart has expressed a desire to live and work in Australia, saying, “I want to go to Sydney University in Australia. My mom’s from there.” Apart from acting, she is also interested in attending college in the near future, saying, “I want to go to college for literature. I want to be a writer. I mean, I love what I do, but it’s not all I want to do — be a professional liar for the rest of my life.” Stewart is a guitar player and singer.

If you wish you can Watch Twilight New Moon Online or Download Twilight New Moon Movie and watch it on your PC or DVD 😉…

Benefits of Music Education

Three Powerful Reasons why children benefit from music education as part of their Curriculum, especially at a young age. There has been plenty of research done about the benefits of music education for young children.

1. Playing music improves concentration, memory and self-expression

One two-year study in Switzerland run with 1200 children in more than 50 classes scientifically showed how playing music improved children’s reading and verbal skills through improving concentration, memory and self-expression.(1) Younger children who had three more music classes per week and three fewer main curriculums made rapid developments in speech and learned to read with greater ease.

Other effects revealed by the study showed that children learned to like each other more, enjoyed school more (as did their teachers) and were less stressed during the various tests, indicating they were better able to handle performance pressure.

2. Playing music improves the ability to think

Ongoing research at the University of California-Irvine and the University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh (2) demonstrate that learning and playing music builds or modifies Neural pathways related to spatial reasoning tasks, which are crucial for higher brain functions like complex maths, chess and science.

The first studies showed that listening to a Mozart sonata temporarily improved a child’s spatial abilities. Further studies compared children who had computer lessons, children who had singing lessons, children who learned music using a Keyboard and children who did nothing additional. The children who had had the Music classes scored significantly higher – up to 35% higher – than the children did Who had computer classes or did nothing additional.(3)

3. Learning music helps under-performing students to improve

Researchers at Brown University in the US (4) discovered that children aged 5-7 years who had been lagging behind in their school performance had caught up with their peers in reading and were ahead of them in math’s after seven months of music lessons. The children’s classroom attitudes and behavior ratings had also Significantly improved, and after a year of music classes were rated as better than the children who had had no additional classes.

1. E W Weber, M Spychiger and J-L Patry, Musik macht Schule. Biografie und Ergebnisse eines Schulversuchs mit erweitertemMusikuntericcht. Padagogik in der Blauen Eule, Bd17. 1993.

2. Various studies by Dr. Gordon Shaw (University of California-Irvine) and Dr. Fran Rauscher (University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh), with others.Including those published in Nature 365:611 and Neuroscience Letters 185:44-47

3. E L Wright, W R Dennis & R L Newcomb. Neurological Res.19:2-8. 1997

4. M F Gardiner, A Fox, F Knowles & D Jeffrey. Learning improved by arts training. Nature 381:284. 1996.…

Many Ways to Get Your Masters in Education

To get your Masters in education, you need to be prepared to go to school for a long time. First of all one must finish high school and go to college. After one has a Bachelors degree then one can apply to graduate school to pursue your Masters. Many people also choose to double major, and pair an education degree with another academic degree. This too takes time. Even when one is in graduate school one may choose to get two Masters degrees as well. There are many different ways to get your Masters in education.

For one to get a Masters in education, one must first earn a bachelors degree. To do this one must first graduate from high school and then go to college. There are many different forms of higher education. Some people choose to go to an Ivy League School for their undergraduate degree. This however is not necessary. Many people go to state or community colleges and get the same degree. Some people even go online to get a degree. All that matters is that you have a Bachelors degree. It can be in anything. One does not even need to major in education to go onto pursue a Masters in education.

Another way people go about getting their Masters in education is to double major. Double majoring can take more time than just majoring with one degree. If one wants to be a teacher of a specific subject, then it is almost guaranteed that he or she will be in school longer than a person just majoring with one degree. For example, a student who wants to be a science teacher may get a degree in earth sciences as well as an education degree. For a person who wants to be a language teacher, this can take even more time. Languages take lots of time properly learn and master. A student properly learning a foreign language will even take at least a semester abroad in order to immerse him or herself in the chosen language. All of this is hard to get done in four years along with getting ready to pursue a Masters in education.

When one finally goes about taking their graduate classes for their Masters in education, they may choose to pursue a second Masters as well. This is especially true for those that want to go on to teach in college. If one is going onto a Doctorate, then they will want to be as knowledgeable in their chosen field as possible. If one wants to be a science professor, then they will want a specific degree in the type of science that they are pursuing. It takes a lot of time to just get a Masters degree in any science let alone paring that with education classes. Both require a lot of lab work.…