How to Choose the Right Battery
Lithium batteries contain lithium ions that are known for being part of the disposable type of batteries. This type of battery is often used for items that need longer and continuous supply of power. Lithium is known for being the lightest type of metal and it also has the highest potential of electrochemical activities. Lately, lithium has now dominated the world of consumer electronics because of its popularity. Since this is a light type of battery with high energy capacity, it has been very useful to most portable devices.
When you talk about safe batteries, lithium is indeed safe because it doesn’t use poisonous chemicals like the cadmium and lead. The lithium battery is also present in most gadgets nowadays such as the cell phones, iPods, laptops and other electronic devices. In fact, coin or button batteries also contain lithium and they are popularly used in watches. They are popular because of the fact that they really possess a lot of advantages. Lithium batteries have two types- the primary and the secondary. The primary battery is the one that has a life that depletes and must be disposed at once. For the secondary batteries, these are the ones who are capable of recharging and being re-used up to the point that it depletes. Since lithium is the lightest metal, the battery will also be light.
Since primary lithium are those non-rechargeable batteries, they only offer low energy power and the electronic items that are compatible with it are the watches, CD players, toys and even cameras. On the part of secondary lithium or the rechargeable battery, the electronics that require high level of energy are the ones making use of it like the medical, consumer and military electronics. At present, automobile industry is now looking into lithium because of its ability to store more energy.
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Another advantage of lithium is its capability to store energy in atomic bonds because it is a reactive element. On the average, lithium battery weighing 1kg can store at least 150 watt/hour of power. If you compare it to lead batteries, the difference is really high since lead battery can only store maximum of 25 watt. In fact, even nickel-metal battery can’t reach the level of lithium because it can only store up to 70 watt/hour. In general, you can say that lithium indeed double the capacity that an ordinary battery can’t give.
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Maintenance for lithium is that high. Lithium doesn’t even have any memory effect which is an advantage. Another advantage of lithium is that it doesn’t need to be fully discharged for it to be recharged unlike the nickel-cadmium batteries. The battery life of the lithium can also stand up to 5 years unlike other rechargeable batteries. As for the disposal of the battery, you don’t have to worry about disposing it because the pollution level is very low.